【COP22】联合国副秘书长在阿拉善SEE的边会上都说了什么?

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2016年11月16日,阿拉善SEE在《联合国气候变化框架公约》第22次缔约方大会上举办了主题为应对气候变化、推进绿色供应链”的边会论坛,发布了中国房地产行业绿色供应链行动的最新成果及环境效益评估报告,并和来自联合国环境规划署、欧盟地区委员会、国内外企业、NGO等多方专家探讨了在全球面临严峻气候变化威胁的情况下,中国企业通过自发行动可以为全球气候变化作出的重大贡献。会议期间联合国副秘书长兼环境规划署执行主任埃里克·索尔海姆也专程赶到现场,盛赞中国企业家的行动,并发表讲话。以下为演讲全文翻译:



联合国副秘书长兼环境规划署执行主任埃里克·索尔海姆


一般只要我有时间阅读,我一定读关于历史的书。有时,我和我儿子聊天时,他会问我“人类历史上最重要的事情是什么?”,或简单的说,“爸爸,在你生活的时代最重要的事情是什么?”


首先回答后一个问题,我觉得这个问题的答案非常清楚。如果你问“在我生活的时代最重要的事情是什么?那么答案非常简单。那是在1978年11月和12月中国共产党在北京召开的中共第十一届三中全会。简单地说就是,以邓小平为核心的第二代领导集体,推动了中国改革开放,让我们看到了中国社会发展的诸多成就。这不可能由一个人独自完成,而需要变革许多政策;变革从中国的国情出发,中国需要制定正确的政策才行。


 
1978年十一届三中全会


要知道,在1978年11月,中国人均收入仍处于一个较低的水平,几乎没有私家车。北京没有地铁,上海没有浦东新区。而且,我下个月要去的深圳,当时也是不存在的——那时的深圳只是一个小渔村。但现在却是全球最发达、最富裕的城市之一——拥有五百万到一千万人口。我可以通过很多数据告诉你们,这些变化不止发生在中国最先进的沿海地区。去年我去了甘肃省,这是中国最穷的省份之一。我们去了甘肃南部,这个地方也很贫穷,但你一定能看到各个地方都在发展。所以,即使在中国最偏远和最贫困的地区你也能看到它的巨大发展。

 
深圳


好,让我们谈谈这是为什么。有两个原因,因为如果这些改变能够在中国发生,对这个世界来说有两个非常重要的启示。如果中国能够快速走上现代化和发展的道路,那么我要告诉我的非洲朋友和印度朋友,你们也可以。当然,他们可能会说,“哦,不,不,不。中国与我们不一样,中国做了我们不能做的事情。”但是要知道,在当时,没有人预测到了中国的崛起。如果你能告诉我一名预测到了中国会在1975-1976年崛起的政治家,中国人、美国人、欧洲人,任何人都行,我一定会把诺贝尔和平奖、或有关预测到中国崛起的诺贝尔奖颁给他们。但这个人一定不存在——没有任何人预测到了中国的崛起。

 

所以中国能崛起,其他国家可能不会以完全相同的方式实现崛起,但肯定的是,如果印度、如果非洲或世界的其他地方,能够制定正确的政策,那么他们也可以以同样的方式崛起。当然不只是中国,新加坡也是如此,韩国也是。甚至是一些不太发达的国家,比如越南和印度尼西亚,很多东亚国家正在纠正错误的政策,然后以人类历史上从未在任何其他地方出现过的速度和奉献的精神使人们摆脱贫困。就中国崛起而言,这个发现令人感到欣慰。世界上的其他地方也可以实现发展。我们一定可以在2030年之前让所有人脱贫。

 

其次,如果中国能够正确发展经济,那么中国也可以在改善环境上有所作为,并以完全相同的方式取得成功,这就是我们现在正看到的。我们看到习主席发表演讲说,我们的新目标是绿水青山。这个目标能使中国人民在未来进入一个新的发展轨道。习主席还提出了生态文明的概念。我并没有真正理解,但包含这个概念的一个关键词是上面说到的“青山”。我们应该在全球范围内,让所有人了解这个概念,我们应该创建生态文明。



习近平“生态文明”的论述摘编


然了,一个人的力量并不能改变任何事情,它的实现是需要现今中国社会各阶层的奉献精神。中国的环境部长被各界寄予厚望。如果我在挪威当部长时,能有这样的氛围,我也会非常高兴。



中国环境保护部党组书记、部长陈吉宁


当然,我所说的权利与制定正确的政策、以及企业的作用有关。所以这次会议就显得如此重要。你需要强大的政治权利,关于授权企业、创新力、外展力、确保企业有力量完成这些工作的权利。我们可以看到,现在已经有众多由中国人开办的企业涌现了出来。


联合国副秘书长兼环境规划署执行主任埃里克·索尔海姆


有一次,我与维恩国际专利组织的秘书长谈话,他说,“中国在全球专利方面仍然落后于美国和日本,但中国企业在此方面的发展速度却非常快,你很快会看到中国超越日本,甚至超过美国成为世界头号专利大国。”


我们可以从许多其他领域看到这种趋势,如果你想知道为什么这很重要,看看上周在中国发生的事情吧,上周是国际上的什么日子呢?是光棍节。这就像我们的父亲节和母亲节一样,基本上也是由欧美企业发明的。因为在母亲节,我们给母亲送礼物;在父亲节,给父亲送礼物。阿里巴巴等中国公司也设计了这样一个节日,这是一个巨大的商机,在中国创造光棍节是完全相同的目的,这个目的就是促进消费。


在中国,上周的光棍节单日的网购总额约为200亿美元。多少钱呢?相当于其邻国尼泊尔的GDP总量。也是就说,中产阶级人群和其他阶级人群在中国一天之内花掉了整个尼泊尔3000万人一年才能花掉的钱,所以这是一个不小的数字。这表明世界经济仍存在巨大差异,但也说明了,为什么对中国和世界而言,在中国推行绿色供应链是如此的重要。供应链的每个层面越环保,中国和世界也将越环保。




你们是专家,更清楚它的走向。我只能祝你们好运,但我认为这在全球范围内都很重要。我们在联合国事务中参与的越多,我们就越愿意就此与中国企业和中国政府合作,意义重大、方式直接,我相信你们可以做到。在这个问题上,世界上没有哪个国家能靠自己的力量实现成功。

 

因此,有了这种合作伙伴关系,我祝各位好运,也希望大家正视中国的绿色供应链对世界的重要性。



英文演讲全文:



Mainly that whenever I can read something Iwill read a book about history. And sometimes have a conversation with my sonand he will ask me questions like ‘What is the most important event in humanhistory?’ or a little bit more reduced, ‘Father, what is the most importantevent in the time you have been living?’

 

And to start with the last one, I think theanswer to that one is very very clear. If you ask ‘What is the most significantevent in the history I’ve been living?’ The answer is very simple. It was ameeting or two meetings which took place in Beijing in November and December1978 in the (Inaudible) of the Chinese Communist Party, the 3rd Plenary Sessionof the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. But to put it toa more understandable global context, Deng Xiaoping taking the power in Chinaand starting the enormous, enormous transformation of China which we see thebenefits of today. Because not one man did it alone, but that was the seachange of policies from which onward China basically got the policies right.

 

At that time, remind yourself, at that timein November December 1978 nearly all Chinese were poor. There was not onesingle personal car in China. There was one metro line in Beijing. The PudongFinancial District in Shanghai did not exist. Indeed the city of Shenzhen,which I will visit next month did not exist. It was a fishing village. Now itis one of the most advanced cities on the planet. One of the richest cities onthe planet and with a population of between 5 and 10 million. And I could giveyou any number of this but remind yourself, this is not just the most advancedcoastal part of China. Last year I visited the Gansu Province, which is one ofthe poorest provinces in China. We went to southern Gansu, again a poor part ofa poor province, and you see the development absolutely everywhere. I mean itsenormous development even in the most remote and poor parts of China.

 

Well let’s start. This is for two reasons,because if this could happen in China, there is two enormous important lessonsfor the world. If China could put itself on the road to modernization anddevelopment so fast, I tell my African or Indian friends, well then you can dothe same. And then they would say, ‘Oh no no no. There are reasons why China isso different from us. What China did, we cannot do.’ Well at that time, no one,no one, no one predicted the rise of China. If you can tell me the one politicalscientist, Chinese, America, European, somewhere who predicted the rise ofChina in 1975-1976, I will give them Nobel Peace Prize or the Nobel Prize forforesight to that person. He simple don’t exist. No one predicted or made aprediction for the rise of China.

 

So it could happen to China, well it maynot happen in exactly the same way but for sure, if India, if Africa or otherpart of the world, if they get the policies by and large right, they can risein the same way. Remember it’s not just China, it’s also Singapore. It’s alsoKorea. And well not that advanced, it’s also Vietnam and it’s also Indonesia. Ahuge number of East Asian nations getting the broke policies right and thenbringing people out of poverty at the speed and with the dedication we havenever seen anywhere else in human history. So that’s the one consolation fromthe rise of China. The rest of the world can also develop. We can bring everysingle human being out of poverty by 2030.

 

And secondly, if China can get developmentso right for sure and China can also move on to environment and get that rightin exactly the same way. And that is what we are now seeing. We see PresidentXi saying that the new goal is green mountains and blue water. That is the newgoal setting the Chinese population into a new trajectory for the future.President Xi also developing the concept of ecological civilization. I don’treally understand but one of the verse embracing this concept is that beautifulmountain. We should make it a global concept for all or creating the ecologicalcivilization.

 

But of course, not one man can changeanything. It’s the dedication at every level of Chinese society today. TheMinister of Education, sorry the Minister of Environment has got vast powers.Powers I would have loved to have when I was minister in Norway if I could havethe same powers, I would have been very very…good. It would have beenfantastic.

 

But of course it’s about getting thepolicies right and it’s about the role of business. And that is why thismeeting is so critical. You need the big politics right, but this is aboutempowering business, the innovative power, the outreach, the strength ofbusiness to do the jobs. And we see now, any numbers of Chinese companiescoming up.

 

The other day I spoke to the secretarygeneral of the Vern International Patent Organization. He said that, ‘WellChina still behind United States and Japan when it comes to global patents, butthe speed of Chinese companies in this regard is enormous and very soon youwill see China pass Japan, and at some point also even possibly United Statesas the number one patent place in the world.’

 

And we see it in many other areas but ifyou want to know why this is important, look to what happened in China lastweek. What was last week in China for those who are not Chinese? Well it wasthe Single’s Day. And Alibaba and other Chinese companies has invented this.It’s like the Father’s and Mother’s Day which was basically also invented byEuropean and American business, because we give gifts to my mother on Mother’sDay and to my father on Father’s Day. This was a huge business opportunity, andthe Single’s Day was created in China with exactly the same purpose, to be goodfor business.

 

The overall consumption of what was boughton the internet in China last week on the Single’s Day was around $20 billionUS dollars. How much is that? Well it’s the entire GDP of neighboring Nepal.Meaning that on one day, the middle class and others in China purchased as muchas the entire 30 million in Nepal. It’s consuming an entire year. So it’s notsmall. It shows the economy is still unequal world, but it also shows why goingafter the supply chains in China is so incredibly important to China and to theworld. The more every level of the supply chain can be green, the greener Chinaand the world will be.

 

You are the experts as to how that willhappen. I can just wish you well but I think this is an enormous globalimportance. And the more we can be partner on the UN involvement side, we longto partner with Chinese business and Chinese government for this, great anddirect and I know that you can do it. And hardly any place in the world has theability to make a decision and get them implemented.

 

So with this offer of partnership, I wantto wish you good luck and the importance of greening the supply chains of Chinacannot be underestimated for the world.  


中国的绿色供应链对世界的重要性不言而喻。目前仅中国房地产行业已经发起的全球首个绿色供应链行业联合行动,预计到2025年就可实现年减排8.9亿吨二氧化碳。未来,期待有更多的行业能“绿化”行业自身供应链,如埃里克·索尔海姆所言:供应链的每个层面越环保,中国和世界也将越环保。



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